Probiotics reduce intestinal disorders in infants
Colic, reflux and constipation are the most common gastrointestinal disorders that make the referral to a specialist pediatrician to an infant during the first six months of life.
Giving a child a probiotic during the first three months of life appears to reduce the occurrence of gastrointestinal disorders, says a study conducted at the University of Bari Aldo Moro , Italy.
Infant colic, reflux and constipation are the most common gastrointestinal disorders that make the referral to a specialist pediatrician to an infant during the first six months of life. Often these disorders are responsible for hospitalization, diet changes, medication use, plus they produce anxiety in parents and lost workdays.
The researchers, led by Flavia Indrio, analyzed 554 newborns in nine pediatric units in Italy the effects of the probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 (L reuteri DSM 17938) or a placebo for 90 days. Experts asked parents to record episodes of vomiting and evacuation (emptying the bowels) inconsolable crying duration and number of visits to the pediatrician.
The objective of the study, published in “ PNAS ”was analyzed for 3 months the effects of the two treatments on the changes in crying in vomiting, constipation, and the cost-benefit of using probiotic supplements.
And the results showed that, after this period of time, probiotics were significantly more effective than placebo, so the average crying time was 38 minutes, compared with 71 in the placebo group, the reflux was 2, 9 episodes in the group receiving probiotics episodes versus 4.6 and 4.2 episodes of daily stools 3.6. Furthermore, the use of prebiotics was also associated with a savings of almost $ 119 (88 euros) per patient in each family.
The researchers concluded that the alteration of intestinal colonization rates during the first weeks of life by lactobacilli may promote improved’intestinal permeability, visceral and cellular sensitivity ”and that the administration of probiotics may represent a” new strategy for the prevention of these disorders, at least in predisposed children. “